Connecticut: 50 Objects/50 Stories


An exhibition
May 19, 2015 to January 2, 2016

If an object could define Connecticut, what would it be? What objects—from the past and from today—help tell the stories that define our state as a changing place, a community, and an idea?

The objects in the online gallery below come from the CHS collection, from other collections around the state, and from personal collections. Thank you to everyone who submitted their ideas between November, 2014—July, 2015. All submissions appear in the online gallery, and 50 of those objects were on display in the exhibit at the CHS.


Submissions from across the state for Connecticut: 50 Objects/50 Stories:

Click to sort objects by date or county:

Connecticut Dairy Farms

1739 to today, Litchfield County

Submitted by Lynn Marie Steinmayer, Goshen, CT

Connecticut Cheeses were a staple part of the NW commerce. Goshen cheeses traveled up and down the coast to feed people and give monies to Goshen residents. Goshen pastureland was rich for hay but poor for vegetables. Today there is only one dairy farm in Goshen and dairy farms in the NW corner have had to re-invent themselves as Cow-Pot producers and chocolatiers to keep in business. They are an endangered species.

Pope Automobile Photograph

1905, Hartford

Submitted by Marcy Fuller, Westbrook, CT

Col. Albert Pope manufactured Columbia Bicycles and later the Columbia automobiles. If it wasn't for the Selden patent lawsuit Hartford would be Detroit, the auto capitol of America. The Early American license plate used on CT cars today features a Pope Automobile. I also have other photos pertaining to this subject; a porcelain license plate, photos of Fred A Law, Popes design room foreman, photo of Fed and his daughter on Columbia bikes, and newspaper articles from the Hartford Times.

Ovation Guitar

1965-today, New Hartford

Submitted by Beverly Smith, West Hartford, CT

Mark Twain's Bicycle

1883, Hartford

Submitted by Richard DeLuca, Cheshire, CT

The bicycle was manufactured by the Pope Company of Hartford, and Twain wrote comically about his experience trying to ride it ('How To Tame a Bicycle.') The bicycle craze, championed by Pope, led to the formation of the Connecticut Highway Department, and the state's first modern roads. Pope and the bicycle literally paved the way for the automobile.

Mark Twain's Bicycle, 1883, Manufactured by Pope Manufacturing Co., Hartford, gift of Franklin Whitmore. CHS Collection, 1921.4.0.

Hitchcock Chair

1825-1832, Hitchcocksville

Submitted by Beverly Smith, West Hartford, CT

Hitchcock Chair goes back centuries...endured and improved from first-class hand-craftsmanship through the industrial revolution.

Side Chair, 1825-1832, made by Lambert Hitchcock, gift of the estate of Miss Adele R. Hough. CHS collection, 1970.24.4.

Landis Portable Tobacco Sewing Machine

Patented 1957, Manheim Township, PA

Connecticut Valley Tobacco Museum, Windsor, CT

'Growing tobacco for cigars has long been part of the Connecticut River Valley heritage. Over the decades local teenagers and migrant workers have known that working in tobacco fields or sheds as a summer job was a rite of passage as well as a steady way to earn good pay.

u201cThe Landis Portable was invented by Frank Landis, a buyer for Bayuk Cigars. Workers sewed tobacco leaves together and hung them on barn rafters to dry. The Landis Portable sewing machine sped up the pace of sewing, while protecting the fingers of those who worked in the sheds. Landis designed it especially for women, to make the task of sewing Connecticut shade tobacco easier while working in the sweltering hot sheds.'

Brianna E. DunlaprnDirector, Connecticut Valley Tobacco Museum

DNA Thermal Cycler

about 1988, Norwalk, worldwide

Submitted by Fenton Williams, Torrington, CT

The Perkin-Elmer Cetus DNA Thermal Cycler, designed in Emeryville, CA, was manufactured, sold and supported by Perkin-Elmer in Norwalk CT, starting in about 1988. This device revolutionized life science and molecular biology by enabling the Polymerase Chain Reaction, invented by Kary Mullis, Nobel prize winner in Chemistry. The DNA Thermal Cycler was a product of the earliest instrumentation/biotech company collaboration and facilitated research culmininating the Human Genome project completion.

Sybil Ludington Statue

1971, Danbury

Submitted by Fenton Williams, Torrington, CT

Sybil Ludington was the 'CT Paul Revere', a heroine of the American Revolutionary War who is famous for her night ride on April 26, 1777 to alert American colonial forces to the approach of the British. Statue by Anna Hyatt Huntington.

Revolutionary War Cannon

1770s, Salisbury and Danbury

Submitted by Sandra Csizmar, Naugatuck, CT

The revolutionary war cannon stored at the Winchester Historical Societyu2014cast in Salisbury and hid in Danbury from the Britishu2014is one of the earliest examples of Connecticut manufacturing prowess.

American Shad

CT River and worlds' oceans

Submitted by Fenton Williams, Torrington, CT

Alosa sapidissima, the American Shad is quintessentially CT, with ancient history involved with culture, food and industry (such as twine making along the Moodus River). The focus on the CT River unites our state.

Leghorn Bonnet

Patented by Sophia Woodhouse in 1821, made by Maria Francis, Wethersfield, CT

Wethersfield Historical Society, Wethersfield, CT

'Sophia Woodhouse cured reeds from the Connecticut River, then braided them into elegant bonnets. Sophia manufactured Leghorn Bonnets through a cottage industry of local women. This bonnet made by Maria Francis was not only stylish headwear, but helped to support her family. As a member of a middle-income family, Maria took in work to make ends meet. She made bonnets, took in laundry, and acted as mortician, with her father as the joiner, demonstrating the steadfast Yankee character and ingenuity.'

Rachel Zilinskir
Curator, Wethersfield Historical Society

Alain White's Memorial Stone

as early as 1913, Litchfield, whole state

Submitted by Fenton Williams, Torrington, CT

Alain and May White were philanthropic Litchfield land barons who donated thousands of acres of public land to help found our state park system. The object I have in mind is a large stone with a carving that dedicates the woods to the people of CT.

Whaling Almanacs

1840s, New London

Submitted by Timothy P. Chaucer

Whaling almanacs (printed in New Londonu00a0in the u00a01840s) by Nathan Daboll which list by name the ships, captains, company, tonnage and date of sail of each ship. These almanacs list the ports of Mystic, Stonington, New London, as well as Nantucket and Greenpost. L.I. These were distributed in the 1840's, the peak period for whaling in Connecticut.


1800-present, East Hampton, CT

Submitted by Carol Herzig, Durham, CT

East Hampton has a vast and interesting bell making history. East Hampton bells have gone around the world and the town is officially known as 'The Belltown' of America. There were many bell factories in East Hampton and today there is one remaining owned by Matt Bevin. The Bevin Family were one of the first bell making families in East Hampton back in the early 1800's. The bell making history is fascinating and I feel it represents a big part of Ct's history.

Ivory Daily Planner

1810-1890, Ivoryton, CT

Submitted by David C. Warner, Avon, CT

When visiting my son's family in Fredricksburg, VA a few weeks ago we went to the James Monroe Museum. Sitting on one of his desks was his wife's Daily Planner. I was excited as sitting on our dining buffet in Avon is an exact duplicate that has been handed down to me. It is made of Ivory and was manufactured in Ivoryton, CT. My Grandfather and Great Grandfather were both ivory workers. The story of ivory trade and manufacturing in CT might be of interest for your 'Treasure Hunt'.

'Ella Grasso for Governor' button

Submitted by Henry Cohn

She was the first female governor of Connecticut.

Framed Ella Grasso Political Campaign Buttons and Paraphrenalia, 1970s, gift of Robert S. Carter, Jr. CHS collection, 2005.141.11.

Connecticut State Flag

Submitted by Cynthia Reik

The motto reflects the many immigrant students I taught during the years I spent there.

Charter Oak Memorial

1905, Hartford

Submitted by Diana Atwood Johnson, Old Lyme, CT

Commemorates the original Charter Oak Tree. Not only was it to supposed to have hidden the original charter for hartford, but when it was felled in a storm in 1856, much of the wood was turned into other 'objects'.


Submitted by Norman Canfield, Potomac, MD

I suggest the helicopter is one of the 50 significant CT stories. Igor Sikorsky invented the first practical helicopter and the Bridgeport manufacturing operation that bears his name continues today. Helicopters have made much more efficient and effective many aspects of medical and industrial transportation, search and rescue, national defense and many other vital activities.

Igor Sikorsky and the first successful helicopter built in America, Stratford, 1940. CHS collection, 1977.92.338.

Ella Grasso's Gavel

1976 Democratic Convention, New York, NY

Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame, New Haven, CT

'Ella Grasso (1919-1981) is one of Connecticutu2019s most famous firsts and her pioneering career opened the door for more women in state politics. In 1974, Grasso became the first woman elected governor in her own right and cemented her position as a major player on the national stage when she used this gavel to co-chair the 1976 Democratic Convention. She was inducted into the Connecticut Womenu2019s Hall of Fame in 1994. Her legacy lives on as, in the words of 2011 inductee and current State Treasurer Denise L. Nappier, 'Every woman elected to statewide office in Connecticut owes a debt of gratitude to Ella Grasso.''

Bambi Mrozr
Director, Administration and Programming, Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame

Albert G. Hubbard's Tools

Early 20th Century, Litchfield, whole state

Submitted by Rachel Zilinski, Wethersfield Historical Society

Albert Hubbard was more than a builder and developer, he was among a group of entrepreneurs that created the suburban landscape Connecticut is known for today. Hubbard laid out neighborhoods, built bungalows and remodeled historic structures to entice people from nearby Hartford to move to rural Wethersfield. Hubbard took advantage of the established public transportation, running water, electricity and open space to create a sense of community. By using these tools Hubbard built a way of life.

The Nutmeg

Submitted by Patricia Holloway, Durham, CT

This is so tied to the idea of our stateu2014and many people have no idea whyu2014it must be part of this exhibit. I don't know the best way to do this, but I'll bet someone else will have an idea...

The Arm of St. Edmund

13th century, Enders Island in Mystic

Submitted by Tom Breen, Manchester, CT

Although the objectu2014a British bishop's severed limbu2014dates from the 13th century, it's only been in Connecticut for about a decade. An object of veneration at Enders Island, the arm can be seen as a symbol of the transplanted religious faith that successive generations of settlers and immigrants brought with them to Connecticut, situating those beliefs in a distinctly Nutmeg State context.

Dugout canoe / Mishoon

8500 BCEu2013early 20th century, entire state, New Haven for oyster-tonging

Submitted by Jacob Orcutt, Portland, CT

While perhaps too big for this exhibit. dugout canoes represent CT's relationships with indigenous people, the river, and the sea. Dugout canoes are most often associated with CT's indigenous peoples (transportation, trade, fishing, etc.), but they were quickly appropriated by early colonists and were important implements in river- and sea-side farms. They were used through the early 20th c. as oyster-tonging vessels around New Haven. Mystic Seaport has a couple oyster-tonging dugouts.

The Shade Tobacco Field (cotton netting, bent poles/wires and drying sheds)

late 19th century to present, primarily northern CT River Valley (Windsoru2013South Windsoru2013north to the state line)

Submitted by Wayne S. Chapman, raised in Windsor, CT

Shade tobacco was a large part of the agricultural mix when I was growing up. Working shade tobacco was a rite of passage for kids who grew up in Windsor from the 1950s to the 1980s. When you turned 14, you hired on for the summeru2014the boys picking and dragging (large baskets of leaves) and the girls sewing leaves to wooden frames for drying in the shed. To this day, Connecticut shade grown leaf is prized for use as the wrapper (top layer) in expensive cigar.

Photograph of a Migrant Worker, L.B. Haas & Company Farm, Hazardville, 1965, gift of Susan Haas Bralove. CHS collection, 2009.361.

Ingraham Clock

1800s, Bristol

Submitted by Cheryl Donahue, Bristol, CT

Bristol was a booming manufacturing town where world renowned clocks were made. The town has a clock museum in the historic Federal Hill neighborhood.

A real tobacco leaf

Submitted by Anne Sheffield, Wethersfield, CT

As an artist and on the way to Bradley Airport, I always notice the red drying sheds where tobacco was air dried. So many younger people had summer jobs in this harvesting businessu2014and now tobacco is almost banned as a toxin so attitudes have changed. I'm interested in the size of the huge leaves and the maturing and sorting process, and whether these were sent to Cuba for rolling into cigars? Why did we grow tobacco hereu2014was there a connection to Native American tribes.

Scale Model of Streetcar

Car built 1922, model c. 1950, East Haven, CT

Submitted by Mike Schreiber, Shore Line Trolley Museum, East Haven, CT

Streetcars were the way almost everyone traveled to work, school, recreation facilities, etc., in the early 20th century. Without the street railway, the state would not have developed the way they did. CT was unique as most of the state was served by 1 company. The model of the real car in our collection is a type that ran in most of the cities in CT.

1850 Biography of Nathan Hale

1850, Hartford, Connecticut

Submitted by David Kellogg, Rochester, NY

Written by a Connecticut author and printed in Connecticut, it was the first biography of his short life and, although written some 75 years after his death, was taken from the living memory of some who knew him. It thus formed the basis of all we know about him today. It also includes lithograph illustrations by the Hartford-based Kellogg Brothers.

Bevin Bell

East Hampton, CT

Submitted by Sarah Briggs, Milford, CT

Bevin Brothers, who have been manufacturing bells in East Hampton since 1832, have made bells for the Salvation Army, presidential campaigns, bicycles, and schoolchildren such as myself who got a bell in elementary school for good citizenship. In 2012, the factory burned down, but the business reopened within six months. Resilient, long-lasting family-owned businesses are the backbone of Connecticut small towns, so I'd love to see a Bevin Bell in your collection.

State of Connecticut Marriage License

December 8, 2008, Guilford, CT

u201cThis ordinary, official-looking document is special because it is our marriage license, issued just weeks after Connecticut became only the third state to allow same-sex couples the legal right to marry. Previously, Connecticut was the second state to legalize same-sex civil unions. Both cases demonstrate the progressive nature of our state's citizens.

u201cWe met in Greenwich Village, NY, nearly 25 years ago, and during our time together weu2019ve seen many other couples, both gay and straight, fall apart. Weu2019ve shared our triumphs and tragedies, as all couples do. We donu2019t take for granted the duties, rights, and responsibilities this document provides. It also reminds us how fortunate we are to live in a state where we can be just another married couple.u201d

Craig Holmes and Gregory GomesrnMiddletown, CT

3D model of Aetna Viaduct

Hartford, CT

Submitted by Jennifer Sharp, West Hartford, CT

It split Hartford in two, one of the catalysts of the city's downfall. It is what most people think Hartford is, because it is all they see traveling between Boston and New York. We can't live with it and we can't live without it.

1st Photo ever taken of a baseball game in progress

August 5, 1869, Washington, CT

Submitted by Paula G. Krimsky, The Gunnery, Washington, CT

Today, the business of Washington is education. This photo, believed to be the first photo of a baseball game (the NY game) in progress. It was the 1st reunion of The Gunnery School. The founder, Frederick William Gunn played with the boys on the Washington Green against a team from nearby New Milford.Connecticut has always and continues to embrace new ideas. An iconoclastic teacher, Mr. Gunn encouraged his students to engage in team sports as part of character formation.

Fedora Hat (Air Lite, Holly Hills)

1950s, made in Danbury, CT

Danbury Museum & Historical Society, Danbury, CT

u201cDanbury, Connecticut, the 'Hat Capital of the World,' produced and distributed millions upon millions of hats throughout the country, and the world, during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. The production of men's fur felt hats provided employment opportunities to thousands of new immigrants, sparked the creation of union-inspired safety laws, and shaped the multicultural, multilingual greater Danbury and Connecticut community that we know today. A hat is just a hat. But, a Danbury hat is so much more!u201drntrnMark D. BoughtonrnMayor of Danbury

Clock made by David Cramond

1920su201330s, Bristol, CT

Submitted by Sheila Draper Orefice, Bristol, CT

Since the late eighteenth century, Connecticut has been known for its clock makingu2026.In the 1930's, when I was a child, I lived on a dirt road in Bristol known as Jennings Terrace. A relative, David Cramond, lived across the street. David worked as a clock maker in Waterbury, CT. After his retirement, he started making clocks in the basement of his home. Many friends and relatives in Bristol purchased his lovely clocksu2026 Although David Cramond is not a household name in the world of clock making, those of us who grew up on Jennings Terrace in the 1920 and 30s will certainly remember him.

The last brass mill in Brass Valley

1830-2014, Naugatuck Valley (Brass Valley), CT

Submitted by Emery Roth II, Washington Depot, CT

Connecticut was defined in the 19th-20th centuries by the innovative spirit of its machine industry. Toolmaking and engineering opened pathways to middle class life. Last December the last brass mill old Brass Valley and American Brass/Anaconda turned off the last furnace, extruder, and draw benches and closed. 12 foot billets, cast where Anson Phelps founded Ansonia, were processed into tubes in Waterbury, on a WWII extruder and machines invented and put in use there in 1903.

The Last Casting Furnace of Old Brass Valley

19th-20th centuries, Ansonia, CT

Submitted by Emery Roth II, Washington Depot, CT

Mike & Damir prime the last casting furnace of old Brass Valley. They will pour 4-ton billets of metal that will be shaped into large diameter tubes for military, maritime use. Once 40 furnaces cast metal here on the site of Anson Phelps' original mill complex, part of the industrial village he created and named Ansonia. I was lucky to be able to record the millsu2019 last 4 years of operation. The pictures and story will be published by Schiffer Books in Sept, 2015.

Foot Warmer from First Church of Christ

1800's, possibly older, Farmington, CT

Submitted by Kim A. Silva, Farmington Historical Society, Hartford, CT

Farmington's story of welcome to the Amistad captives during their stay from March 1841 - November 1841 has been overlooked. While other churches were segregated First Church was integrated and welcomed the Amistad Africans to sit in the first rows of the church when they arrived by sleigh from Berlin. The foot warmers would have been cozy comfort.

Pioneer Parachute

Pioneer Parachute Co., 1940s, Manchester, CT

Manchester Historical Society, Manchester, CT

u201cPioneer Parachute Co. was established shortly before the United States entered World War II, as a subsidiary of Cheney Brothers Silk Manufacturing Company. In collaboration with DuPont Chemical Co. and the U. S. Army Air Corps, Cheney Brothers and Pioneer developed a special ripstop nylon fabric for parachutes to replace silk, which had been used for many years. Silk became scarce during the war, as its prime source was China and Japan. Nylon parachutes were first tested at Brainard Field in Hartford, and the first person to jump from a plane with a nylon parachute was Adeline Gray of Cheney Brothers in 1942, an event which was reported nationwide. Pioneer continues in business in Connecticut, supplying parachutes to NASA for use in the landing of the Mars rovers.u201d

David K. SmithrnCurator, Manchester Historical Society

Photograph: 'Cheney Brothers Part in the War Effort' booklet, 1942, CHS collection.

Theater Costume

From the Hartford Stage production of 'Chick, The Great Osram' by David Grimm in 2007, Hartford, CT

Hartford Stage, Hartford, CT

u201cA. Everett u2018Chicku2019 Austin, Jr. was an important Connecticut figure who led the Wadsworth Atheneum from 1927-44 and amassed a significant amount of the Wadsworth collection, including works by Picasso, Matisse, and Cezanne. He was passionate and rebellious and a man of brilliant showmanship who put Hartford at the center of the international art world. The play was commissioned by Hartford Stage for Hartford Heritage Project. In a special nod to Hartford, costume designer David C. Woolard lined Chicku2019s coat with the Hartford Courant newspaper!u201d

Hartford Stage Companyrn

Crate for Water Bottles

Circa 1900, Manchester, CT

Submitted by Susan Barlow, Manchester Historical Society, Manchester, CT

Entrepreneurs found a niche when the public was interested in, for example, personal health. Connecticut had several mineral springs that bottled water. This crate is from the Case brothers plant, where they bottled Tonica Springs water. The building's foundation remains, and the area is now in the Case Brothers National Historic District.

Fossil from the Connecticut River

Connecticut River Museum, Essex, CT

u201cMillions of years ago, where the present-day Connecticut River flows, there was once an ancient ocean. This wave action fossil represents the motion of those ancient waters. This piece of the bottom of the Connecticut River was harvested by Ed Klekowski, Professor of Biology (retired) from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst during his underwater investigations of the Connecticut River about 15 years ago.u201d

Amy TroutrnCurator, Connecticut River Museumt

Threading Shuttle

Manchester, CT

Submitted by Joyce Hodgson, Manchester, CT

The Cheney Mills, like many mills in Connecticut were part of the foundation for industry in our state. The shuttle created the beautiful velvet, silk, ribbon and yard produced in the Cheney Mills for decades and those fabrics were sold, and known, around the world.

A Wooden Nutmeg

All of Connecticut

Submitted by Alice Kirschner, Stratford, CT

Connecticut is known as the nutmeg state because some industrial residents figured out that they could whittle wooden nutmegs and put them in with real nutmegs thus in effect counterfeiting nutmegs at a time when nutmeg was as valuable as gold.

Banner (and suit) from the 1978 National Equal Rights Amendment march on Washington, D.C.

Worn by Columbia Anne Botticello of Glastonbury, CT

Connecticut Historical Societyrntrnu201cThis sash and pantsuit were worn by Glastonburyu2019s Columbia Anne Botticello on July 9, 1978, when she joined 100,000 supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in a march on Washington, D.C. The ERA was written in 1923 by Alice Paul, a Ridgefield resident, and passed by Congress in 1972. The amendment, which would make discrimination on the basis of sex unconstitutional, fell three states short of ratification by the Senate and expired in 1982. It has been introduced in every session of Congress since, but never passed. Connecticut passed its own state ERA in 1974, a bright spot in a continuing struggle for gender equality.u201d

Natalie BelangerrnNatalie Belanger is an Adjunct Instructor at Manchester Community College and teaches the course u201cHistory of Women in Americau201d.

Two volume set 'History of Windham County, Conn.' by Ellen D. Larned

1874/1880, Windham County

Submitted by Mark Snay, Thompson Historical Society, Thompson, CT

They represent a large part of Connecticut's history, development, people, religion and more, including the contributions that Ellen made, historically, to Connecticut. Through her writings, she was not only revered by her local community, but also by her peers throughout the historical research/preservation community, being the first woman member of the Connecticut Historical Society. If not for Ellen, much, if not all, of the information in these volumes would likely have been lost to time.

The Last Expansion Bench in Brass Valley

1903 to present, Bank St. Am.Brass, Waterbury, CT

Submitted by Emery Roth II, Washington Depot, CT

Hiram Hayden learned to spin kettles while others still battered them. Understanding the malleability of cold metal was the secret of many Brass Valley processes from cold rolling to this expansion bench on which Rudy & Ray enlarge seamless tube of various shapes. The processes were pioneered here at American Brass. The bench, installed in 1903, ran continuously until December, 2013, when the factory closed and the expansion bench was shipped to Mexico. In person, the moving bulge seems alive.

Jack Meikle's Industrial League Baseball Uniform

c. 1905-25, Willimantic, CT

Submitted by Jamie Eves, Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

Jack Meikle was one of five brothers who played baseball in the early 20th Century. His brother Art Nichols played in the National League during the dead ball era. All five brothers played in the industrial leagues that were so common in the late 1800s and early 1900s, for teams affiliated with the American Thread Company of Willimantic, CT.

Union Charter

1903, Local Chapter of the United Textile Workers of America, American Thread Company, Willimantic, CT

Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

u201cUntil the 1914 Clayton Act, strikes and other labor union activities were generally illegal in the United States. When in 1902 skilled workers at the American Thread Company in Willimantic decided to organize and join a local chapter of the United Textile Workers, they knew that they could lose their jobs. So, in good Connecticut tradition, they hid their charter, secreting it behind another picture in a frame, which was hung in the house of one of the members. There it stayed, forgotten for years, until it was re-discovered in the 1980s. The story of the union charter reminds us how difficult it was to organize for even basic rights in the early days of the Industrial Revolution. It also reminds us that Connecticutters know how to hide charters!u201drn rnJamie EvesrnExecutive Director, Windham Textile and History Museum

Mary Haveisen's Sewing Machine

1930s, Manchester, CT

Submitted by Jamie Eves, Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

This battered White sewing machine was used by Mary Haveisen, an immigrant from France (1896-1979) to do homeworku2014hemming silk American flags for Cheney Brothers silk mills of Manchester, CT, during the Great Depression. Cheney bought her the machine and converted it to electricity. Many textile workers did homework.

Electric Boat Work Coveralls

1955-85, General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT

Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

u201cThe stenciling on the back of these work coveralls proclaim that the unknown worker who wore them was employed by the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamicsu2014a designation created in 1955. Daubs of u2018battleship grayu2019 paint can be seen on the coveralls. Electric Boat was founded in 1899 by Isaac Rice to build the submarine Holland, the first submarine in the U.S. Navy. During World War I, E.B. built 85 subs for the Navy, along with 722 sub chasers and 118 Liberty ships. During World War II, E.B. produced 74 subs and 398 Patrol Torpedo boats. In the early 1950s, E.B. built the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear submarine. The coveralls remind us of the important contributions of anonymous blue collar Connecticut workers to the defense of the United States.u201d

Jamie EvesrnExecutive Director, Windham Textile and History Museum

Spinning Frame Electric Motor

1952, Willimantic, CT

Submitted by Jamie Eves, Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

Connecticut was a pioneer in electrification. It is believed that the first factory in the world to install electric lights was the Willimantic Linen Company, in 1879. In 1880 the WLC switched to incandescent bulbs and hired Thomas Edison to install them. They generated their own electricity from water power, and created the spin-off Hartford Electric Light Co., which became CL&P. In time, formerly water-powered machines were converted to electricity.

Ring Spinning Frame

1952, Willimantic, CT

Submitted by Jamie Eves, Windham Textile and History Museum, Willimantic, CT

The industrial revolution came to CT in the early 1800s with the importation of spinning machines. By the 1830s textile factories dotted eastern CT. Early mule spinning frames were operated by skilled, often male workers. In the late 1800s management introduced ring spinners, which could be operated by less skilled workers, usually women. The machines gave off lots of loose fibers, which caused brown lung disease.

The Connecticut Quarter


Submitted by Kate Kolodziej, Manchester, CT

The state of Connecticut, admitted into the Union January 9, 1788, highlighted the Charter Oak Tree where the Connecticut Charter was hidden. The famous tree fell during a great storm on August 21, 1856. Despite this tragedy, the tree symbolizes Connecticutu2019s past of not only withstanding British forces, but protecting the State and itu2019s unique aspects of strength. The Charter Oak tree represents how Connecticut still stands strong and beautiful.

School Gym Uniform, worn by Julia Chase-Brand

1961, Manchester, CT

Manchester Historical Society, Manchester, CT

'On Thanksgiving Day, in 1961, Julia Chase-Brand showed up to the Manchester Road Race boldly wearing this blue dress, her schoolu2019s gym uniform. She let it be known that she was a woman and she was there to run, despite race officialsu2019 threats. No woman anywhere had ever run in a major distance road race, and Julia Chase-Brand was the first to do so. Today, she is celebrated as the first woman to ever finish the Manchester Road Race, a race that is now the largest road race in Connecticut, with more than 10,000 participants, thousands of whom are women.'

Rachael SuhiernStudent, Manchester High Schoolrn

A Small Iron 'Pig' from the Kent Furnace

1830-1860, Kent, CT

Submitted by Marge Smith, Kent Historical Society, Kent, CT

The manufacturing of iron was critical to the early European settlers of CT, who relied on iron objects in almost all facets of daily life. They HAD to find iron ore and make new implements as soon as they got here. The iron industry became the driving force of most northwest Connecticut towns. Kent, as the site of the second most valuable iron ore deposit (after Salisbury), produced iron bars, or u201cpigsu201d, for customers all over this part of the state. This small pig illustrates that industry.

STANLO Building Game

1933, New Britain, CT

Submitted by Louise Swanson, Bristol, CT

STANLO is a building toy made by Stanley Works, a New Britain company. The toy has different hinges that allow you to construct buildings and structures. This toy represents CTu2019s important history of manufacturing. New Britain was called the u201chardware city of the worldu201d and was famous for its many hardware factories. My late husband received this toy when he was 8, which I believe helped him become mechanically minded. He was a tool and die maker at Emhart (ultimately Stanley) for 44 years.

Columbia Graphophone BQ and Record

1908, Bridgeport, CT

Submitted by Mark Heiss, Vintage Radio and Communications Museum of Connecticut, Windsor, CT

The American Graphophone Company was founded in by Chincester Bell and Charles Taintor, both colleagues of Alexander Graham Bell. They created wax phonograph records that could record, save, and playback voices and music. They started a factory in Bridgeport to make machines and records (as proposed). American Graphophone invented the 2-sided record, helped to create CBS, created Dictaphone, and invented the LP. Connecticut was where high tech items of the late industrial revolution were made.

Teaching Scrolls

Used at the American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb People, mid-1800s, Hartford, CT

American School for the Deaf, West Hartford, CTrntrnu201cCooking, farming, and the environment were used by teachers and students at the American Asylum in Hartford in the 1800s. Students learned by seeing objects and the printed word. This practice is used even today. With the expansion of knowledge of concrete concepts, students develop an understanding of describing objects in more detail. Later, they are able to transfer that knowledge into abstract concepts, paragraph writing, and communicating their thoughts, needs, and wants. As the first permanent school for the deaf in the United States (established in Hartford in 1817), the American School for the Deaf is proud of its tradition of excellence, innovative education, and many alumni who are engaged in the world as educated, self-supporting, and productive citizens.u201d

Brad Moseley taught deaf students in a mainstream program in Beaumont, Texas for 3 years and taught special needs students at the American School for the Deaf for 34 years. He is now Coordinator for the ASD Museum.rn

Ice Tongs

About 1925, Staatsburg, NY

Burnside Ice Company, East Hartford, CT

'Back in the 1800s, ice houses, both large and small, were a common sight throughout Connecticut until the advent of the electric refrigerator about 1920. In 1911, the McClellan family of East Hartford founded The Burnside Ice Co. and uses the ice tongs to this day. While we no longer harvest ice from ponds with a team of horses, Burnside Ice is the last ice house in Connecticut to manufacture 300-lb. blocks. The ice house is also home to The Olde Burnside Brewing Co., brewers of u2018Ten Penny Ale,u2019 and plans are underway for a Connecticut ice museum!'

Bob McClellanrn3rd Generation Iceman

Eli Terry Box Clock

About 1816, Plymouth, CT

American Clock & Watch Museum, Bristol, CTrn rnu201cIn 1806, Connecticut clockmaker, Eli Terry, was contracted to produce 4,000 wood tall clock movements. This was likely the first instance of domestic clockworks with interchangeable parts being produced in mass quantities by machinery.rn rnu201cIn 1816, drawing on the success of these innovations, Terry obtained the first patent for a 30-hour wood shelf clock, which would be affordable to everyone. The box clock model shown here is an example of his patent clock. Subsequent design changes led to the development of his famous Pillar & Scroll shelf clock, which was imitated by numerous makers and produced in large quantities. Terryu2019s successes paved the way for Connecticut to become a leader in the clock industry.u201drn rnTom ManningrnCurator of Clocks, American Clock & Watch Museum

Earliest photo of Joseph Moore House taken in 1894

Built about 1751u2014now a museum, Northern borderu2014Granby, CT and Southwick, MA

Submitted by Patricia L. Odiorne, Southwick Historical Society, Southwick, MA

Possibly Connecticutu2019s longest boundary dispute was its northern border with Massachusetts. Originally surveyed in 1642, the final determination was not made until 1804! Why u201cthe Jogu201d or u201cthe Notchu201d is there is still a query often heard to the present day, and docents at the Joseph Moore House, part of the Southwick History Museum, and Salmon Brook Historical Society both enjoy sharing the many stories about it.

Hartford Bank $5 Banknote

Sometime prior to 1860, Hartford, CT

Submitted by Jeffrey S. Bravin, American School for the Deaf, West Hartford, CT

The American School for the Deaf (ASD) was founded in Hartford in 1817u2014the first special education school and school for the deaf in American still in operation today, in West Hartford . Prior to 1860 when banknotes were issued by local banks, Hartford Bank issued this note featuring a picture of the American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons (ASD) and founder Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.

Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Service Pin

1960, East Hartford, CT

Submitted by Denise S. Kennedy, West Hartford, CT

This Pratt and Whitney Aircraft service pin was awarded to Marlowe Sacerdote for twenty years of service. Hired by the company at the onset of World War II, he worked for Pratt until his death in 1972. He was a quality assurance engineer.rn rnDuring World War II, Pratt and Whitney increased its workforce from 3,000 to 40,000 employees in order to help produce thousands of aircraft for the military, becoming one of Connecticutu2019s largest employers.

Diary of Nathan Hale

1775-76, Coventry, CT

Connecticut Historical Societyrn rnu201cThe fundamental nature of who we are as u2018Americansu2019 can be found within the pages of this diary. Think about it: Connecticut state hero Nathan Hale, a common schoolteacher, hanged as a spy, sat down, placed this book before him, and inscribed his thoughts some 240 years ago. Not only does Haleu2019s writing give us an arcane understanding of our ancestry, but it unpacks the thought process of a genuine American patriot, at a period in our history when neighbors, brothers, sisters, and friends, literally died for the freedoms we take for granted. To me as a journalist and a researcher writing a book about Hale, this diary was, categorically, the most valuable source available; without it, I could not have written my book. No other object in this exhibit can compare on these levels.u201d

M. William PhelpsrnNew York Times best-selling author, investigative journalist, creator/producer and host of the Investigation Discovery series Dark Minds, and author of Nathan Hale: The Life and Death of America's First Spy.

The Denis Ryan Bible: Symbol of a Changing Connecticut

About 1850, Hartford, CT

'This Bible belonged to Irish immigrant Denis Ryan, who was married to Johanna Walsh in Hartford on October 23, 1845. Many thousands of Irish came to Connecticut in the 19th century. They worked on railroads and in factories and quarries. They were willing to work for low wages, infuriating some u2018nativeu2019 citizens. There was something else u2018differentu2019 about many of these new Connecticut immigrants: they were Roman Catholics. The religious face of Connecticut was changing.'

Denise S. KennedyrnResident of West Hartford, CT

Coffee Spoon

1938, made by International Silver Company, Meriden, CT

Submitted by Martha Steenburgh, New Hartford, CT

My grandfather Julius Wojan was born on a farm in Poland, the oldest of 10 children. However, he didn't like farming. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1910. Feb. 2, 1916 he started work at the Int'l Silver Co. as a machine operator. He built his own house (without a mortgage) by 1927, married, had 4 children. His house became the center of all family gatherings, extended family included. He worked at the Silver Co. until retirement. His life exemplifies a by-gone era in CT with the loss of manufacturing companies. This spoon is in a Danish Princess pattern, and made by Holmes & Edwards, a subsidiary of International Silver Company.

A Bib Number from the Manchester Road Race

2013, Manchester, CT

Submitted by Jocelyn Moulton, Manchester High School, Manchester, CT

A bib from the Manchester Road Race helps define Connecticut because it is one of the biggest races in the whole United States. People come from around the nation just to watch or run the race. The race gives the Connecticut and Manchester population a feeling of unity. This race is well known, and part of a tradition of Connecticut. Some people have been running it for 50+ years, and say that its a tradition for them. It brings Connecticut all together for one day.

Split Cane Beater of a Loom Reed Made by Ezra Huntington

1700s, Norwich, CT

Submitted by Richard Guidebeck, Society of the Founders of Norwich, Norwich, CT

Ezra Huntington was a local craftsman who specialized in the art of reed-making and had a shop in Norwich. Old split reed cane beaters are fairly common, but one with a u201cmaker's marku201d is rare to find. This object epitomizes the early craftsmen of Connecticut and the beginnings of what was to become a major industry of Connecticut, the textile mills.

Goose Wing Hewing Axe

About 1860, made by the Bradley Axe Co., Weston, CTrnWilton Historical Society, Wilton CT

'This elegant axe, named for its resemblance to the wing of a goose in flight, is a type of chisel-edged broad axe. According to New England historian and artist Eric Sloane, the broad axe was u2018an essential Early American tool,u2019 used to shape tree trunks from their rounded natural forms into square beams for building houses, barns, and even ships. Just imagine itu2014virtually every structure across Connecticut, and indeed New England, would have used felled trees shaped into timber beams by hand-held axes such as this one. Many 17th- and 18th-century structures which dot our landscape could not have been built without the broad axe.u201d

Allison Gray SandersrnWilton Historical Society

1904 Intercom

1904, Meriden, CT

Submitted by Mark Heiss, Vintage Radio and Communications Museum, Windsor, CT

The telephone was invented in 1876. Soon after, Connecticut innovations made the telephone more useful. In 1878, the first telephone directory was issued, followed in 1880 by the first pay phone, both in New Haven. By 1904, when only 8% of the population had a telephone, the Connecticut Telephone and Electric Company of Meriden offered this intercom for $5.75. An intercom is simply a small private telephone network. This one lets the operator selectively choose one of 6 remote stations.

Tuska AM Radio

1923, C. D. Tuska Company, Hartford, CT

Vintage Radio and Communications Museum, Windsor, CT

u201cIn 1914, radio was developing as u2018wireless telephone,u2019 when inventor and industrialist Hiram Percy Maxim met 17-year old Clarence Tuska. With the limited range of early u2018spark sets,u2019 Maxim and Tuska envisioned teams of radio enthusiasts u2018relayingu2019 wireless messages long distances, so they created The American Radio Relay League with its journal, QST Magazine. After serving in World War I, Tuska manufactured AM broadcast receivers in Hartford. Tuskau2019s inventiveness, ingenuity, and persistence capture the spirit of Connecticut, where a germ of an idea can be cultivated into a century-old body serving the largest organization of radio amateurs in the world.u201d

Mark Heiss, KB1ZEE, Vintage Radio and Communications MuseumrnFollowing Mark's name is his FCC Amateur Radio License Call Sign.

Harriet Beecher Stowe Book

1852, United States

Submitted by Katie Tremblay, Manchester High school, Manchester, CT

Harriett Beecher's Stowe famous novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin identifies the fight that she made as an abolitionist. Not only was it for America, but she was originally born in Connecticut and visited through out her life time, and passed away here. Also in Connecticut is her Harriet Beecher Stowe center which features the Freedom trail and recognizes her historical leadership skills. This book proves she was a strong woman who made a powerful change and her remembrance shouldn't be forgotten.

John Brown Pike

Late 1850s, Collinsville and Unionville, CT

The Unionville Museum, Unionville, CT

u201cConnecticut has long been at the forefront in the struggle for human rights. While local abolitionists agitated against the evils of slavery in the years leading up to the Civil War, one native sonu2014Torrington-born John Brownu2014escalated the struggle with his assault on the Federal Arsenal at Harperu2019s Ferry, Virginia. Brownu2019s pikes, contracted for in Collinsville and forged at Chauncey Hartu2019s blacksmith shop on the banks of the Farmington River in Unionville, were intended for use by slaves who joined Brownu2019s insurrection. Brownu2019s raid at Harperu2019s Ferry was considered the spark that ignited the Civil War.u201d

Clifford T. AldermanrnVice President, The Unionville Museum

Elisha Hotchkiss Shelf Clock

1820-1835, Burlington, CT

Submitted by Barbara Flaherty-Carchedi, Burlington Historical Society, Burlington, CT

The time is 1820-1835. Elisha Hotchkiss, Jr., born in Burlington CT and a resident during that time, had a clock factory in town where wood cases and wood or brass movements were made. Burlington had an abundance of streams. The Hotchkiss factory was a small waterwheel powered site of the type that defined CT thru the 1800s. It was the largest employer in town with as many as 50 jobs. Many of the clocks were also decorated locally with hand painted pictures on glass.

Ethan Stillman Musket

1808-1812, Burlington, CT

Submitted by Barbara Flaherty-Carchedi, Burlington Historical Society, Burlington, CT

Ethan Stillman moved to Burlington CT in 1803 and opened his own shop to make and repair rifles. He was 1 of 16 private firms that contracted with the Fed'l Govu2019t via the Act of Congress Apr. 23, 1808 to make 2,500 muskets at 500 per yr. over 5 yrs., all parts of two certain selected pattern muskets..u201d The manufacturing of interchangeable parts was begun. Also, each musket was marked with maker's name for quality control. Records indicate that from 1808-1812 only about 1885 were delivered.

'Brass Bonanza' 45 RPM vinyl record

1970s-80s, Hartford, CT

Connecticut Historical Society

u201cThe Hartford Whalers adopted u2018Brass Bonanzau2019 as their theme song in 1976 while playing in the World Hockey Association, and kept it through the National Hockey League years until the club moved to North Carolina in 1997. Composed originally as u2018Evening Beatu2019 by Belgian Jacques Ysaye (pseudonym Jack Say), the song was retrieved from a record library and used as a musical bridge on an LP of 1975-76 season highlights. Team official George Ducharme convinced his bosses to play the catchy instrumental at Whalers gamesu2014notably after home team goalsu2014and the result was da, da, da ... hockey legend.u201d

Jeff JacobsrnColumnist at the Hartford Courantt

Dr. John Howe's Pin Making Machine

1832, Derby, CT

Submitted by VivianLea Solek, Monroe, CT

The Naugatuck Valley from Waterbury to Derby was filled with industrial plants making a wide range of products. Dr. Howe's pin making machines allowed pins to be mass-produced, changing what tailors, seamstresses, and housewives paid for pins. Howe's company became the largest manufacturer of pins in the U.S. Also, the machine symbolizes the great 'Yankee ingenuity' that filled Connecticut during the 19th century.

Gas Station Giveaway Fan

about 1940s, Chapel Farms Service Station, East Haddam, CT

Submitted by Harry Lichtenbaum, Wethersfield, CT

Astronaut's Space Suit

Windsor Locks, CT

Submitted by Llyn Kaimowitz, West Hartford, CT

For decades, people around the world associated human space travel with Hamilton Standard, now Hamilton Sundstrand. I have a grad degree in space studies and can assure you that Hamilton Sundstrand's contribution to space exploration is considered very important by space historians.

Portland Brownstone

Portland Historical Society, Portland, CT

u201cThe brownstone cliffs of Portland were formed by sediment deposits millions of years ago. When 17th-century European settlers arrived, the cliffs were overhanging the Connecticut River. The available stone was originally used for foundations and chimneys, and then quarried beginning about 1690 for use in gravestones and buildings. Popularity of the stone for buildings increased and brownstone was shipped internationally in the 1800s. Quarry owners sought expert stone cutters in Europe, contributing to a number of waves of immigration to 19th-century Portland: English, Irish, and Swedish. Stone was replaced by steel and cement. Flooding in 1936-38 closed the quarries.u201d

Claire FrisbiernTrustee, Portland Historical Society

Noah Webster Blue Back Speller

1829, West Hartford, CT

Submitted by Mary Donohue, Connecticut Explored, West Hartford, CT

Noah Webster born 1758 in West Hartford believed students should learn from American books and in 1783 he wrote his own textbook nicknamed the 'Blue Back Speller'. For over 100 years, Webster's book taught children to read, spell and pronounce words, selling nearly 100 million copies.

Bristow Gravestone

1814, Old Center Burying Yard, West Hartford, CT

Submitted by Mary Donohue, Connecticut Explored, West Hartford, CT

Bristow (Bristol) (c. 1731-1814), an African kidnapped into slavery before the Revolutionary War, who purchased his freedom and achieved a degree of prosperity and respect, unusual for a black man of his time. He purchased his freedom from John Hooker before his owner left for the Rev War and continued to live with Hooker's wife & family as a free man. His life is extremely well documented including his manumission papers, his will, the house he lived in enslaved and free and his gravestone.

Revolutionary War Loyalist's Coat

Originally owned by Munson Hoyt of Norwalk, CT in the Prince of Walesu2019s Loyalist Regiment, 1777-1783.

Connecticut Historical Society

Connecticut was divided between patriots and loyalists during the American Revolution. This rare surviving wool coat was worn by loyalist Munson Hoyt of Norwalk, who served as a lieutenant in the Prince of Walesu2019 British American Regiment in Middletown.

Sermon Written by Reverend James W. C. Pennington

Thanksgiving Day, November 17, 1842, Hartford, CT

Connecticut Historical Societyt

u201cIn 1840 Reverend James Pennington, a fugitive from slavery in Maryland, assumed a pastorate in Hartford. The church, now Faith Congregational Church, gave Pennington a pulpit to join his voice in the national and international campaign to end slavery, demand suffrage, eradicate ideas of inferiority of people of African ancestry, and to promote education for African people. His melding of local, regional, national, and international struggles through the Union Missionary Society helped to hasten the return of the Amistad captives to Sierra Leone in Africa. Pennington and Connecticutu2019s local struggles became part of the ties that would forever bind Connecticut to future larger national and international struggles for freedom.u201d

Stacey ClosernAssociate Vice President for Equity and Diversity, Eastern Connecticut State Universityrn

Statuette of Nathan Hale by Bela Lyon Pratt

1898, New Haven, New London, East Haddam & Coventry - key places associated with Nathan Hale

Submitted by William Hosley, Enfield, CT

Shaping the iconography of state's identity.rnRole of George Dudley Seymour as civic activist, preservationist, art patron and champion of Nathan Hale

Important CT raised and educated sculptor artist of national stature -

Iconography of Yale.

Model for a famous US Postage stamp of long duration.

Full scale versions of this at Yale, US Justice Dept in DC and Bristol, CT

1880 Crazy Quilt

1880-1885, Manchester, CT

Submitted by Terri Wilson, Avon Historical Society, Avon, CT

This crazy quilt was made by Lena Stowe LeGeyt (1877-1961) whose father, Walter Stowe, was a sewing machine salesman who sold them from the back of his horse-drawn carriage. True to form, Lena's quilt is made from many different fabrics and stitching, very bright in color, has some designs depicting hobbies and sports she enjoyed and is in excellent condition. The quilt, which as for decorative purposes only, was donated to the Avon Historical Society through family descendants.

Book: The Brushstrokes That Shaped My Life, by Rosann Scalise


submitted by Rosann Scalise, Dolgeville, NY

The book contains reproductions of twenty-six paintings by my father, Nicholas Peter Scalise (1932-2009), a Connecticut fine arts artist whose career spanned over fifty years, accompanied by my interpretive essays/stories. There are a number of Connecticut based scenes and stories of its people within the book.

Litchfield Law School Desk

About 1800, Litchfield, CT

u201cEdgar Burr Day, William Tracy Gould, and Joseph Collier are among the 25 students at the Litchfield Law School who carved their initials into this desk. Founded in 1774 by Judge Tapping Reeve, the Litchfield Law School was the first professional school of law in the United States. By the close of the school in 1833, Reeve and his partner James Gould had educated over 1000 students. Many became future leaders of the emerging nation including vice-presidents Aaron Burr and John C. Calhoun, 130 United States congressmen and senators, six cabinet members, and three justices of the United States Supreme Court.u201d

Catherine FieldsrnExecutive Director, Litchfield Historical Society

Sedgwick's Sword

1863, Cornwall, CT

Submitted by Raechel Guest, Cornwall Historical Society, Manchester, CT

Major General John Sedgwick was the highest ranking, and most beloved, Union officer to be killed during the Civil War. He is also the most famous Connecticut man to serve during that war. His gilt sword, presented to him during the war, is decorated with oak leaves and acorns to represent Sedgwick's home state of Connecticut.

Objects from Waterbury

Waterbury, CT

Submitted by Paulette Cunningham Zyko, Middlebury, CT

The Goodyear Rubber Desk, buttons and various other articles of brass. Anyone of the watches and clocks from the Timex Museum.

Chinese Friendship Album

1824, Cornwall, CT

Cornwall Historical Societyrn rnu201cThe Friendship Album was made by Henry Martyn Au2019lan, a Chinese student at Cornwallu2019s Foreign Mission School, for Cherry Stone, a young Cornwall woman. The album is a touching example of how barriers of language, culture, race, and religion can be broken down by youthful love and friendship. Au2019lan created the album the same year that another student at the school, John Ridge, Cherokee, married another young Cornwall woman, Sarah Northrup, creating a national scandal. Au2019lan and Stone never married, but the album, like a love letter or Valentine card, remains a testament to their affection for one another.u201d

Raechel GuestrnExecutive Director, Cornwall Historical Society

Letter to CT Governor Holcomb from Theodate Pope Riddle

Submitted by Melanie Bourbeau, the Hill-Stead Museum

On the u201ceveu201d of the suffrage vote CT was seen as a crucial player in ratification. National leaders were appealing for emergency legislative action. Perhaps itu2019s a sad chapter in CTu2019s history that the state did not embrace equality for women, but less-than-favorable moments in history are equally part of our collective definition. To its credit, CT was the first of the twelve u201choldoutu201d states, following ratification in Aug. 1920, to subsequently ratify the amendment, doing so on Sept. 14, 1920.

WDU-17/B Warhead for Sidewinder/Rolling Airframe Missile Warhead

Ensign-Bickford Aerospace & Defense Company, Simsbury, CTrn rnu201cThe Ensign-Bickford Company was established in Simsbury, CT in 1836, building on the legacy of William Bickford of Ashburton, England, who invented the mining safety fuse in 1831. As an innovator in creating tactical payload solutions, EBA&D leverages our vast expertise in explosive materials to provide greater solutions for our customers, who include warhead sub-contractors, weapon system Prime contractors, and government labs and research facilities.rn rnu201cIn Simsbury, we manufacture components for the Sidewinder Missile. The final Load Assemble Pack is done out of state, but the case assembly and other important components are manufactured in Simsbury.u201d

Meghan SoucyrnMarketing Associate, Ensign-Bickford Aerospace & Defense Company

A Sugar Maple Tap

late 1990s-early 2000s, Madison, CT

Submitted by Keith Ainsworth, Madison, CT

It represents the adoption of native cultural practices and knowledge by colonists. In addition, the use of maple sugar was widespread because of the lack of access to refined cane sugar which was taxed by our British overlords. Finally, it represents the self-sufficiency of 'we who transplanted' and has recently resurged as a locavore activity as CT moves back toward its agricultural roots. I have a wooden tap I carved and a metal tap both of which are in active use.

New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company Bond

July 1, 1949

Keith Ainsworth, Madison, CT

'This New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad bond evidences a critical time in railroad history. The dominance of automobiles on short runs and jets on long hauls forced many railroads into bankruptcy. This 4% bond was issued by order of the Bankruptcy Court. The railroads which exported CT goods across our nation were dying kings of transport. I have used the successors - Metro North, Shoreline East and Amtrak - to travel from New Haven to Boston, New York, Washington and even a family trip to Florida during which we learned that 1950u2019s trains traveled 100mph the entire coastu2014faster than today.'

Keith AinsworthrnResident of Madison, CT

Photo of Message in a Coke Bottle Found

September 1, 2014, Stratford, CT

Submitted by Nina Lesiga,, Stratford, CTrnPhotograph by James Russo,

CT is a place where dreams come true. As I was walking along the shore in Stratford, I found am amazing treasure - a message in a Coke bottle. It was launched into the Sound by a 9 year old boy in the 3rd grade who asked to be emailed. I did and then added a second note to his and tossed it back at high tide. A few weeks later I learned that it had crossed the LI Sound - a 57 year old couple found it in Port Jefferson, NY. They wrote that they planned to add a 3rd note and toss it back!!

Two Checks from the National Bank of New England

July 1877, East Haddam, CT

Submitted by Keith Ainsworth, Madison, CT

The checks are from the bank in East Haddam owned in part by William Goodspeed, whose issued and signed the two checks in July 1877 about the time Goodspeed built the opera house. The checks symbolize CT's place as a financial center driven at the time from both agricultural and increasingly manufacturing goods - E. Haddam produced twine and fruit at the time. Goodspeed and his bank, playhouse, farm and other ventures defines the Yankee ingenuity and entrepreneurship that kept CT rising.

Stanley Powerlock Tape Rule

Stanley, New Britain, CT

New Britain Industrial Museum, New Britain, CTrntrnu201cInnovation builds on original inventions and ideas to create the products we use today. As an improvement over wooden folding rules, Stanley began manufacturing coiling tape measures in 1929. Produced in six and eight foot lengths, these tape measures featured a unique cross curvature of the ruler blade allowing for rigidity while measuring and flexibility when coiling. Over the ensuing years, innovations to the coiling mechanism and the case and blade designs have led to the development of the iconic Powerlock Tape Rule, found in every home and still made in New Britain by Stanley Black & Decker.u201d

Karen Winslow HudkinsrnDirector, New Britain Industrial Museum

Cuprous Pequot Arrow Points


Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, Mashantucket, CT

'The Pequot War (1636-1637) was the first total war between Europeans and Native Americans in New England. Following a series of Pequot victories, the turning point of the war occurred on May 26, 1637 when English-Allied forces attacked and destroyed the fortified Pequot village at Mistick along with over 400 inhabitants. After the defeat of the Pequot the newly settled Connecticut Colony claimed all Pequot lands through u2018Right of Conquest.u2019 These projectiles were excavated at the Mistick Fort battlefield site (Groton, Connecticut) 375 years after they were fired by English-Allied u2018River Indiansu2019 (Wangunk, Suckiaug, Podunk, Poquonock) during the battle.'

David NaumecrnSenior Historian/Archeologist, Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Eli Terry Shelf Clock

Early 1800s, Naugatuck River Valley

Submitted by Jerry Milne, Plymouth Historical Society, Plymouth, CT

In 1807, Eli Terry, a clockmaker in Plymouth, signed a contract with the Porter brothers of Waterbury, CT, agreeing to convert 4,000 tall wooden clock movements, dials, and hands into finished clocks in three years. This contract was the beginning of mass production, launching the Industrial Revolution in Connecticut.

Terryville Waterwheel

1850s, Terryville, CT

Submitted by Jerry Milne, Plymouth Historical Society, Plymouth, CT

The Terryville Waterwheel is a 20-foot diameter wood and iron waterwheel dating to 1851. The wheel occupies its original site on the west bank of the Pequabuck River on Main Street in the Terryville section of Plymouth. It may be the only 19th-century wooden waterwheel remaining in Connecticut. It first powered a clock factory and later a lock manufacturer. It is a symbol of Yankee ingenuity.

Beach Combing Art

Jan 2015, Stratford, CT

Submitted by Nina Lesiga,, Stratford, CT

Our shoreline is a state treasure. It's a place for personal reflection, adventure, discovery and Art. This beach combing art was created from objects washed ashore at Long Beach in Stratford . I sent a box of 'finds' to a HS Art teacher M Didtler in Ridgecrest, CA (a dessert community) and her students created magical drawings, water colors and sculptures. Each piece in their exhibit beautifully demonstrates how CT magically inspires creativity & learning.

Oakville Company Safety Pins

Post 1896 (patent date) but before 1923 (when Scoville bought the Oakville Co.), Waterbury, Connecticut

Submitted by Amy Beaudry, Quinsigamond Community College (professor) and Salve Regina University (doctoral student), Worcester, Massachusetts

Connecticut led the brass industry, so businesses that manufactured brass products flourished. Straight and safety pins were two of those products. Oakville Company originally manufactured straight pins; by 1881 it was one of the first companies in Connecticut to produce and sell safety pins. Between then and 1977, Oakville manufactured 8 different safety pin brands and secured 16 safety pin and safety pin machine patents. However, this particular safety pin was one of the first lines it sold.

A Butter Box from the Enfield, CT Shaker Community

c. 1875, Enfield/Sommers, CT

Submitted by Miriam R. and M. Stephen Miller, West Hartford, CT

The Shakers are the most successful American intentional community. There was one Shaker village in this state, in what is now Enfield and Sommers. It was active from 1792 to 1917. They supported their unusual and relatively self-sufficient lifestyle by selling products of their large communal farm. This box was made around 1875, its heavy construction designed to insulate its Shaker-churned butter. The name stenciled on the box is that of their business manager, Brother Richard Van Deusen.

A Book Titled 'How to Make Friends with Birds' by Neil Morrow Ladd


Submitted by Deborah Ritter Moore, Sharon(aka Vermont!), CT

This was my Grandparent's bird book. AM unsure how it came to be in their house. I just always remember on their kitchen table, a place where a love and respect for nature was nurtured. Our state is full of wonderful community wildlife sanctuaries and preserved landscapes. This respect and appreciation of the natural world has been a hallmark of our state.

Certificate of Naturalization

1911, New Britain, CT

Submitted by Judith Whitehead, Madison, CT

This Certificate of Naturalization, issued to my Grandfather on Nov.3, 1911, in Hartford, tells the story of one of so many immigrants to CT. My grandfather, who at that time had two children with my grandmother, came to New Britain from Austria to find work. He, as so many others of his and the next generation, went to work at the factories in New BritaIn. Some of the factories were, Fafnering Bearing, Stanley Works, New Britain Machine, Landers Frerry and Clark, and Corbin Mfg.

Civil War Letter

June 14, 1862, Willington, Tolland County

Submitted by Ann K. Gunnin, member of DUVCW, DAR, Georgia

Connecticut soldiers have fought for our freedom for centuries. The 160 Civil War letters written by my great-great grandfather, Charles W. Sherman, exemplify the courage and love of country that so many Connecticut men have displayed from Colonial times to the present. Like many others, his family immigrated from England. In the 12th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, he fought with a passion eloquently expressed in his letters from March, 1862 until Oct. 19, 1864 when his life was ended in the Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia.

A Connecticut-made Highboy

1756-1775, Cornwall, CT

Submitted by S. Richard Rapalli, Chester Village West, Chester CT

This highboy demonstrates the craftsmanship and detail of Connecticut furniture makers in the late 1700s. It features handmade hardware, and a hand-carved shell-motif bottom drawer.

Wooden Hardtack, issued to Stephen Walkley, Jr. of Southington, CT

Sept. 12, 1864 in Petersburg, VA.

Connecticut Historical Society

u201cDog biscuits. Sheet iron. Worm castles. Just a few nicknames soldiers gave to the hard, tasteless crackers that served as the main staple of the Federal soldier during the Civil War. Baked until rock-hard and often infested with weevil larvae, there was little to like about hardtack, which had been in common use since at least the Spanish Armada in 1588. Some Federal soldiers were issued hardtack that dated to the Mexican War, thirteen years before the Civil War began. That this simple piece of flour, water, and salt survived from 1864 to today is no surprise; it is its main selling point! Likely it is no less hard or edible today than it was that September day in 1864 when Stephen Walkley, Jr., was issued it.u201d

John Potter graduated Gettysburg College in 2004 with a B.A. in History and a minor in Civil War Era Studies. He received his Masteru2019s Degree in History from Shippensburg University in 2007. He was on the staff at CHS from 2008-2011. He and his wife live in Cromwell.

Bilingual Education Document

1960-1970, Hartford, CT

Submitted by Gerson Escobar-Arroyo, Hartford, CT

The document is the preliminary proposal for Bilingual Education in Hartford from 1968. It presents statistics that support the need for bilingual education in Hartford. This document is in the CHS collection. I have found online an article from the Hartford Courant from 1973 that describes the process and success of bilingual education at La Escuelita on Ann Street Hartford.

Christmas Card Titled 'A Connecticut Christmas'

2014, Connecticut

Submitted by Tricia Staley, Norwich, CT

Spoofs '12 Days of Christmas' with Connecticut icons (w/appropriate artwork) in a tree shape: A Partridge in a Charter Oak Tree, Two Twain Tomes, Three Mystic Mariners, Four Calling Robins, Give Golden Nutmegs, Sox Greens a Laying, Seven Bull Dogs Bow-wowing, Eight Mantises Moving, Nine Preppies Boarding, Ten Huskies Dunking, Eleven Nathans Haling and Twelve Commuters Rushing.

Shad Derby Hat

1896-1934, Windsor, CT

Windsor Historical Society, Windsor, CTrn rnu201cWindsoru2019s Shad Derby continues the long-standing tradition of celebrating the spring shad run, when the fish return from the sea to spawn in Connecticut streams and rivers. In 1970 Roger Olson began the Shad Derby tradition of passing a derby hat from chairperson to chairperson each year, symbolically passing the responsibility for the care and coordination of the festival. Olson purchased an antique derby hat in lieu of a new one to be worn during the annual parade and other festivities. Each chairperson of the Shad Derby between 1970 and 2007 signed the leather hatband along the inside of the crown. For Windsoru2019s 375th anniversary in 2008, the Shad Derby Committee donated the derby hat to the Windsor Historical Society, and a new derby hat is now being used.u201d

Christina Keyser VidarnCurator of Collections and Interpretation, Windsor Historical Society

Bridgeport Milling Machine

1938-2004, Bridgeport, CT

Submitted by Frederick Charles Shakir, New London Historical Society, New London, CT

The Bridgeport Milling machine was invented in Bridgeport, CT and was made there from 1938 to 2004. This machine became the backbone of almost every manufacturer of every product imaginable around the world from the time it available until recent Asia clones became available.

Sperry Top-Sider

Post WWII to present, New Haven/Naugatuck, CT

Submitted by Charles Monagan, Middlebury, CT

The popular Top-Sider boat shoe was invented in Connecticut, first manufactured in Connecticut and helped define one aspect of leisure life in Connecticut to the world (see: The Preppie Handbook). I would actually team this with the Sunfish, also invented and first manufactured in Connecticut.

Fair Haven Sharpie

ca 1890, Fair Haven, CT

Submitted by Jo-Anne Giammattei, Italian-American Historical Society, New Haven, CT

Played an important role in oyster industry.

Handmade Native American Wedding Dress

Made with Brain Tanned White Doeskin, about 1990, with replicated wampum hair ornament and necklace. Made by the late Maisie Shenandoah, Clan Mother of the Oneida Indian Nation, for her family member Butch Lydemu2019s fiancu00e9e Kay Kayser (Schaghticoke).

Institute for American Indian Studies, Washington, CTrn rnu201cNative American Indian history and culture is Connecticutu2019s history and culture. This contemporary wedding dress speaks to Native peopleu2019s enduring cultural traditions, which were here in the pastu2014for at least 10,000 yearsu2014and are still in the present. Oral history, archaeological evidence, and even place names speak to our Native American presence. Every time you speak the word Connecticut, you speak an Anglo-American version of an Algonkian word meaning the place of the long river. Many lakes, streets, and rivers are versions of Algonkian place names, leaders, or tribes such as: Waramaug, Hammonasset, Quinnipiac, Shepaug, Bantam, Pomperaug, Niantic, Nepaug, Moodus, Willimantic, and Aspetuck.u201d

Institute for American Indian Studies

The Union District School

Built in 1800, Killingworth, CT

Submitted by George Dupree, Killingworth, CT

Also known as'The Little Green Schoolhouse', it is one of eight one-room schoolhouses located in Killingworth. Most of them were used until 1949. Most one-room schoolhouses were painted red or white. The green color of this one makes it very unusual. Titus Coan, a famous Christian Missionary to The Hawaiian Islands, was a student at this school in the early 1800's. It's owned by the Killingworth Historical Society and is located on Roast Meat Hill Road.

1854 Hartford Insurance Policy

Sept. 14, 1854, Deep River, CT

Submitted by John Solovei, Mather & Pitts Ins, Inc., Deep River, CT

No exhibition defining CT would be complete without an item from the insurance industry. I have an original Hartford Fire Insurance Company policy numbered 52 and dated Sept. 14, 1854. The coverage is for $200.00 of fire coverage on a barn in Deep River CT. The premium is $3.00 for five years. It was written by agent John Marvin who later sold his agency to Gilbert Mather, who was joined by his son-in-law Steve Pitts which created the current Mather & Pitts Ins, Inc. of Essex, CT.

A Wooden Peg Used in Construction

1784, Thomas Deming farmhouse, Newington, CT

Submitted by David Goodale, Deming-Young Farm Foundation, Newington, CT

A wooden peg represents the foundation of Colonial Connecticut. Wood was important in providing housing. The wooden frame of a house included heavy solid beams called grits connected with mortise and tenon joints held together with wooden pegs.

Travelers Insurance Company Umbrella

1960s, Hartford, CT

Connecticut Historical Society

The Travelers red umbrella is an iconic symbol of protection for millions of insurance customers. Travelers, established in 1853 as one of the country's first casualty insurers, was among the pioneers in establishing Hartford as the "insurance capital of the world" along with The Hartford (1810), Aetna (1819), Phoenix Mutual (1851), CIGNA (CT General - 1865), and Hartford Steam Boiler (1866). Insurance underwriting in Connecticut dates back to the Revolutionary War, when private underwriters began insuring merchant vessels sailing on the Connecticut River on their way to and from the sea.

Mary Beth and Jason both work at Travelers. Mary Beth is Director of Records & Information Management, including responsibility for the historical archives located in Hartford. Jason is a Senior Communications Specialist in the Travelers Corporate Communications group.

DIY Door Key

1850, Redding, CT

Submitted by Greg Van Antwerp,, Brookfield, CT

I think of Connecticut today as a safe place to live and raise a family. I'm sure we can only imagine that an early Connecticut was probably just as safe, if not more so. What physical evidence do we have that this was so? Look at this door key found at a tag sale. It has been passed down and preserved with its descriptive label. What better proof is there than this 'key' that was wedged or slid into a door jamb below the latch which could not have kept out anything more that a stiff breeze.

Early Map of the Connecticut Western Reserve

1798, surveyed by Seth Pease of Suffield, CT and engraved by Amos Doolittle of New Haven, CT

Connecticut Historical Society

u201cConnecticutu2019s original colonial charter extended the colony westward to the Pacific Ocean. After the Revolutionary War, Congress allowed Connecticut to u2018reserveu2019 approximately 3 million acres in the northern portion of what is now Ohio. This area came to be called the u2018Western Reserve.u2019 The u2018Fire Landu2019 (500,000 acres to the west on the map) was granted to citizens whose property along the Connecticut coast was destroyed (mostly by burning) by the British during the war. Connecticut sold the remainder of the Western Reserve to the Connecticut Land Company and placed the proceeds in a state educational fund. The Company then sold the land to settlers. Because the Western Reserve was settled initially by people from New England, many towns in that area are named after Connecticut towns.u201drn rnTed Space lives in Bloomfield, CT and is a CHS Life Member. Tedu2019s mother grew up in the Western Reserve area in Ohio, and as a child he regularly visited his grandmother there in the summer months.

Men's Swimming Suit

About 1930, Fairfield, CT

Fairfield Museum & History Center, Fairfield, CTrn rnu201cThis suit was worn by Edward W. Murphy, a New Jersey lawyer who had a home on Mine Hill Road in Fairfield. He was one of many from the New York City area who established summer or weekend homes in Fairfield during the 1930s and 1940s to enjoy the areau2019s beaches and country atmosphere, commuting from the city by train. He may have worn the suit at the members-only Fairfield Beach Club, which required that men wear bathing suits with tops during this period, or at one of the townu2019s public beaches.u201d

Elizabeth RosernLibrary Director, Fairfield Museum and History Center

Flexible Flyer Sled

1960's, Fairfield, CT

Submitted by a resident of Huntington, NY

I grew up in the Statfield section of Fairfield, CT on Church Hill Road.I would say that it was my attitude about my sled that made the sled a 'Connecticut Special'. I was fearless and the 'who can go the farthest' champion of the neighborhood. The local geography, my Connecticut Yankee DNA and the wood, metal and rope that, combined with my love of the outdoors, taught me how to navigate life no matter what the weather conditions...

'The Bohemian Farm on Little City Road'

A painting titled 'The Bohemian Farm on Little City Road' by Higganum artist Hans O. Hofmann

Early 1940's, Higganum, CT

Submitted by Nancy Smith, Chester Village West, Chester CT

Titled u201cThe Bohemian Farm on Little City Road,u201d this is one of many paintings by Higganum artist and German immigrant Hans O. Hofmann. Created from the 1930s to 1960s, Hofmannu2019s paintings captured the lives of Bohemian residents of the German-speaking segment of Higganum: their land, their animals and their labors. My parents bought a little summer house in Killingworth in 1935 and met the Hofmanns soon after. This painting represents the part of Connecticut where I spent my youthful summers.

Fatal Civil War Bullet

June 9th, 1864

Submitted by Matthew Reardon, New England Civil War Museum, Rockville, CT

At daybreak, June 9th 1864, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas F. Burpee, commander of the 21st Connecticut Regiment, was mortally wounded by this bullet while inspecting the trenches of his brigade, which was then involved in the Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia. His death, three days later, was a major blow to his hometown of Rockville, but also the state as a whole. Governor Buckingham lamented, u201cI have never entertained any other than a high respect for his ability and fidelity as an officer as well as for his personal character; that he is one of the few officers against whom I never heard a complaint.u201d

Stone Projectile Point

North Haven, CT

Submitted by Walter Greist, North Haven, CT

For most of our history, we depended on a chipped stone technology for our sustenance. The photographed stone projectile point is a symbol for this entire period.

u201cScenes from a Long and Busy Life: The Sun of the Amusement World From Which All Lesser Luminaries Borrow Lightu201d

Chromolithograph, about 1881, the Strobridge Lithographing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio

The Barnum Museum, Bridgeport, CT

u201cConnecticut native P. T. Barnum was 71 years old when this color lithograph was composed to show the diverse achievements of his career, despite many setbacks. Most people equate Barnumu2019s name with the circus, but he was an extraordinarily energetic man who was committed to social causes and philanthropy as well as his entrepreneurial endeavors. Look closely to discover some of his lesser-known accomplishments, such as his election to the State Legislature in order to support ratification of the 13th Amendment. Barnum remained tireless, and lived to age 80. The activities of his final decade, including bringing Jumbo the elephant to America, could fill another poster!u201d

Adrienne Saint-PierrernCurator, The Barnum Museum

Grandfather's Potato Digging Fork

Early 20th century, North Haven, CT

Submitted by Walter Greist, North Haven, CT

For most of our European-American history, we in Connecticut have produced the majority of our own food. Grandfather's Potato Digging Fork is meant to be symbolic of the entire period.

Canton Public Library Bookplate

Possibly about 1915, Canton, CT

Submitted by Sarah McCusker, Canton Public Library, Canton, CT

Connecticut has a long history of library service. Today there are nearly 200 public libraries spread across the state's 169 towns, and the state is a national model of resource sharing and cooperation. This bookplate, which once appeared in every book in the Canton Public Library, illustrates the library's borrowing rules around the time of its founding in 1913 and demonstrates that while many things have changed in library services in the intervening 100 years, many have stayed the same.

Reproduction Canoe Handmade by Wampanoag Indians

1995, Plimoth Plantation

Submitted by Mary Rickel Pelletier, Park Watershed, Hartford, CT

For hundreds of years transportation in Connecticut happened along the rivers. The Morse map is the earliest known map of rivers labeled with European and Native American names. There are surely other historians who can accurately describe the canoe's historic significance, made from a large hollowed tree. Also wonderfully historic is that CHS visitors sat in the canoe. The canoe connects me to the future. Many communities, realizing pleasures of paddling, are restoring nature, even in cities.

1796 Book (or Map): Morse Geography

About 1796, Hartford County

Submitted by Mary Rickel Pelletier, Park Watershed, Hartford, CT

The Morse map includes one of the first published maps of rivers in Hartford County. The North Branch of the Park River is labeled 'Woods River' (thus Woodland Street) and Trout Brook was known as the North River although it is actually the South Branch of the Park River. Published maps were key 'objects' in measuring the state, and the transition of travel from rivers to roads.

Thermos Bottle

About 1796, Hartford County

Submitted by Rep. Emmett D. Riley, Connecticut General Assembly, Norwich, CT

The American Thermos Bottle Company was one of the largest employers Norwich, Connecticut from 1906-1984. The company, created by William Walker began manufacturing the thermos vacuum bottle in 1906 in the Laurel Hill section of he city. The Thomas J. Dodd Research Center at the University Connecticut has numerous examples of bottles, blueprints, visitor pins, etc., that precisely illustrate the enormous impact Thermos had on Norwich, CT the Rose of New England.

rnThermos, made by The American Thermos Bottle Co., 1962, Connecticut Historical Society collection

Handwoven Carpet

2011, Hartford, CT

Submitted by Lynne Williamson, Institute for Community Research, Hartford, CT

Greater Hartford is home to several thousand Bosnian immigrants, refugees from the late 1990s genocide in the former Yugoslavia. For the many widows in the community, continuing to practice their familiar arts of carpet weaving, knitting, and crochet helps them cope with the trauma their families suffered. Since 2007 ICRu2019s Connecticut Cultural Heritage Arts Program has worked with Bosnian artists in Hartford to encourage production and marketing of their exquisite carpets, called u00e7ilimi. Our project has helped them improve English skills, support their families, and become involved in American society. In 2011 we curated an exhibit of their Hartford-made carpets. One of the most evocative pieces wove in the names of the womenu2019s villages, as a way for them to remember their homeland.

PowerCar Company

1940s to 1967, Mystic, CT

Submitted by Jim Sinkowski

This company ran from the late 40s to 1967, manufactured childrenu2019s go kart sized miniature Ford Thunderbirds, Mustangs, Big Mu2019s, Plymouths and other special cars. The 1/3rd scale cars were made in conjunction with the real cars coming out each model year and Ford Motor Company supplied the details so that PowerCar could come out with their child version timed with the real versions. I know of no other miniature car company anywhere that came anywhere close to this. There was a 1957 Thunderbird Jr in the Whitehouse. I have a large collection as my father was the General Manager and I was the boy in many of their ads.

Model of Holocaust Memorial

Made by Elbert Weinberg of Hartford, CT, 1981

Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford, West Hartford, CT

'This is a model of Greater Hartfordu2019s only Holocaust Memorial, which stands outside the Mandell Jewish Community Center in West Hartford. Dedicated in 1981, this sculpture was created by Hartford artist Elbert Weinberg. It depicts a pair of hands raising a shofar (ramu2019s horn). The figure forms the shape of the Hebrew word chai, meaning u2018life.u2019 Although he had many potential designs for the sculpture, Weinberg believed that the JCC committee chose this design because it is ultimately a positive image. The sculpture represents a vision of hope and strength. It is a place of remembrance and acknowledgement for the areau2019s many survivors.'

Sara HawrantrnArchivist, Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford

Carved Walrus Tusk (cribbage board)

About 1905, Hudson Bay, Canada

Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

u201cThis carved walrus tusk, created by a native of Hudson Bay known as Harry, represents Connecticutu2019s important whaling industry. It also represents the remarkable life of the man who collected the tusk, East Haddam resident Capt. George Comer (1858-1937).rn rnu201cComer grew up as an orphan but overcame a limited education and a difficult childhood to become a prominent Arctic whaling captain and an internationally known authority on the Inuit, or Eskimos. He documented their culture by making extensive collections of written records, photographs, sound recordings, and Inuit artifacts, all while working in one of the harshest environments on earth. In retirement he became a popular speaker and served a term in the Connecticut Legislature.u201d

Fred Calabretta, Curator of Collections & Oral HistorianrnMystic Seaport Museum

Maria Coffing Holley Rudd Personal Bible

1865-1914, Lakeville, Litchfield, CT

Submitted by John Austin Holley Jr., New Mexico Society of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, Rio Rancho, New Mexico

Maria Coffing Holley was the daughter of Alexandar Hamilton Holley, founder of Holley Manufacturing Co. famous for the hand forged Holley Knives. Maria was active in the operation of the Company with her husband, William Beardslee Rudd. My journey to SAR involved many searches within the CT Holley history. My research began with a visit to Sharon where my patriot, Jonathan Holley was born. My object story tells of the quest to find the origin of my M. Name (Austin) long hidden in family history.

Anaconda Copper Alloy Salesman Kit

1920s-1950s, Waterbury, CT

Submitted by Benjamin Counterman, Kenosha, Wisconsin

The 'Anaconda' American Brass Co. was a brass manufacturing company based in Waterbury, CT. In 1922 the ABC was purchased by Anaconda. This 'Anaconda' American Brass Co. salesman kit shows the company's quality metals like sheets, pipes, and wires made of copper and brass. The Brass hired thousands of employees throughout the country and helped in war efforts Anaconda eventually was purchased in the 1970's. On the box its says Anaconda Copper Alloy American Brass Co. Waterbury 20, CT.

Special thanks to Kenosha's Historical Society for helping display this object for the photo.

Higley Copper Coin

1737, Simsbury, CT

Submitted by Richard Wagner, Simsbury Historical Society, Simsbury, CT

Samuel Higley of Ancient Simsbury (now East Granby) was a Yale graduate and a very inventive guy. In 1728, the Colony granted him the exclusive rights to begin the first steel mill in English America. In 1737, as his license was to expire, he used those rights to fashion steel dies for minting coins from the copper on his land. Higley Coppers are the first ever copper coins minted in English America and are among the rarest colonial coins.

1979 video tapes from the first SportsCenter telecast; Kenny Mayne's shot sheet from his 1989 SportsCenter tryout

ESPN, Bristol, CT

u201cExcept for Barry Melrose, everyone at ESPN uses a shot-sheet to pull off calls of game highlights. The sheets describe the shots so well we can, for a minute, convince the viewer we saw every event in a given night. That's a lie. But the shot sheets better be the truth or those on the desk are in jeopardy. If you think it's a silly job to call games you didn't see, that's fine. Someone else went to school for four years to come in and watch the Packers and Seahawks and mark down the pertinent notes for us. And we all call this work.u201d

Kenny MaynernESPN SportsCenter Anchor

Pay Telephone

Simsbury, CT

Submitted by Richard Wagner, Simsbury Historical Society, Simsbury, CT

The pay telephone was considered a big leap forward in communication much like social media is today. Its use permitted people, like business travelers, to talk at any time of the day and not be at someoneu2019s house. The Southern New England Telephone Company installed the first coin-operated public phone at a Hartford bank in 1889. Hartford was then considered a vital communications hub for business traveling between Boston and New York City. The inventor, William Gray, grew up in Simsbury.rn

Notes Taken From a Sermon by Thomas Hooker, 1638, Hartford, from a notebook owned by Henry Wolcott; Bellarmine Jug, 1600s

Connecticut Historical Society

u201cGOD AND THE DEVIL FIGHT FOR CONNECTICUT: Connecticutu2019s English settlers believed they were front-line troops in a cosmic battle between God and the devil. This shaped both the government they formed and the people they feared.

u201cThese shorthand sermon notes record Hartfordu2019s founder Rev. Thomas Hookeru2019s statement that u2018The foundation of authority is laid firstly in the free consent of the people.u2019 This belief led to the Fundamental Orders of 1639, that formed u2018an orderly and decent government established according to Godu2019 and the people of Connecticut, not a corrupt English king. The Fundamental Orders are often called the worldu2019s u2018first written constitution.u2019rnConnecticut Historical Society

u201cBut even with a godly government, fear of the devil was strong. To counter the harmful magic of witches, some used bottles like this Bellarmine jug. Filled with the urine, hair, or fingernails of a witch-afflicted victim and buried under the hearth or house-threshold, witch bottles were thought to offer protection from further harm.

u201cBefore Salem, Connecticut was New Englandu2019s fiercest prosecutor of witches, executing all of the first 7 people charged with witchcraft.u201d

Walter WoodwardrnConnecticut State Historian, Associate Professor of History, University of Connecticutrn

United States Button Company Display

1876, Waterbury, CT

Mattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT

u201cButtons have been a big story in Waterbury for more than 200 years. rnFor the first five years after its organization in 1865 by Rufus Hitchcock, the United States Button Company focused on the production of cloth and metal buttons. They then began manufacturing numerous small articles that could be made from brassu2014from screws to trimmings for umbrellasu2014and buttons became incidental to the business. This new direction caught the eye of Henry Sabin Chase, who took ownership of the firm in 1879, creating the Waterbury Manufacturing Company, later named Chase Brass and Copper. This display demonstrates the variety of brass button shapes, styles, and subjects including round Zouaves, military coat buttons, large buttons with scenes from nature, and glass decorated swirls.u201d

Cynthia RoznoyrnCurator, Mattatuck Museum

State of Connecticut Marriage License

November 12, 2008, West Hartford, CT

u201cOur marriage license hangs on our wall in our home. Not many people frame and hang theirsu2014but to usu2014it represents a civil rights accomplishment. We were the first gay couple married in Connecticut. When State Senator Jonathan Harris said: u201cby the power vested in me by the State of Connecticut,u201d we were filled with emotion and keenly aware of how many people had fought for that phrase to be spoken at our marriage ceremony. We are ever grateful to the plaintiffs in Kerrigan V. CT, Love Makes a Family, and all the leaders who worked for change.u201d

State Senator Beth Bye and Tracey Wilson, West Hartford, CT

Safety Fuse

1930's, Simsbury, CT

Submitted by Richard Wagner, Simsbury Historical Society, Simsbury, CT

America during the industrial revolution in the 1800's would have been stuck in its tracks (literally) without the invention of the safety fuse. Whether it was blasting out coal mines, or moving mountains for trains to pass, or expanding the Panama Canal, or just letting a farmer blow up a stump in their field, our nation benefitted greatly from the invention of the safety fuse. As also did the inventor, Ensign Bickford Industries, whose headquarters remains located in Simsbury.

Roosa Master Pencil Nozzle

1967, Hartford and Windsor, CT

Submitted by Henry Link, Hartford, CT

Connecticut is known for developing precision products by its skilled workforce. In 1947 Hartford Machine Screw Co.(Stanadyne) hired serial inventor Vernon Roosa to perfect his Diesel fuel injection pump and Pencil Nozzle for tractors, trucks and cars. With the aid of my dad, Master Toolmaker Frank Link, they were perfected for production. In 1967 Stanadyne honored my dad for his important role in developing these products by awarding him the Gold plated 1 millionth Roosa Master Pencil Nozzle.

Universal Meat Chopper

1920s, New Britain, CT

Submitted by Ira Yellen, Glastonbury, CT

The meat grinder meant a lot to me growing up. It was used by my grandmother, an immigrant from Europe, who lived in Brooklyn, NY. She used it to make all sorts of delicious dishes. I was fascinated with it and remember the first time she let me turn the handle. The item was made in New Britain, the Hardware Capital of the World, by Landers, Frary & Clark. It operated from 1865 until its assets were sold to the GE in1965. It was in many American households and attests Yankee ingenuity.

Space Suit

Made by UTC Aerospace Systems, Windsor Locks, CT

u201cUTC Aerospace Systems is one of the worldu2019s largest suppliers of technologically-advanced aerospace and defense products, and is part of Hartford-based United Technologies Corporation. This Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), or space suit, is the worldu2019s smallest crewed spacecraft, with everything NASAu2019s astronauts need to work in space, including oxygen, water, temperature control, and CO2 regulation. rnttrnu201cEighteen thousand parts protect astronauts from the harsh environment of space, including a puncture-resistant outer layer to protect from micrometeoroids traveling at 17,000 miles per hour. To control temperature ranging from -250 degrees F to +250 degrees F every 90 minutes, a liquid cooling and ventilation garment is worn under the suit that consists of 300 feet of thin tubing that circulates cooling water around the body.u201d

Susan HackingrnManager of Marketing Support, UTC Aerospace Systems

UConn Basketball Jerseys

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

DIANA TAURASI---UCONN WOMENu2019S BASKETBALL (NO. 3)rnu201cDiana Taurasi led the UConn Womenu2019s Basketball program to three consecutive NCAA National Championships (2002, 2003, 2004). During her collegiate years, Diana was twice named National Collegiate Player of the Year. She was the No. 1 pick in the 2004 WNBA professional draft and has been part of three WNBA Championships with the Phoenix Mercury (2007, 2009, 2014). Diana has led the USA Womenu2019s Basketball Olympic Team to three straight Gold Medals (2004-Athens, 2008-Bejing, 2012-London). Considered by many the greatest womenu2019s basketball athlete in the world, her college coach Geno Auriemma summed up the talents of Diana Taurasi best when he said, u2018We have Diana, and you donu2019t.u2019u201d

KEMBA WALKER---UCONN MENu2019S BASKETBALL (NO. 15)rnu201cDuring the 2010-2011 season, Kemba Walker led UConn on a stunning 11-game post-season winning streak, culminating with the 2011 NCAA National Championship. After finishing the regular season with a 21-9 record, the Huskies were seeded ninth in the Big East Tournament. In an improbable five-wins-in-five days march, tournament MVP Kemba scored an all-time tourney record 130 points and UConn beat four nationally-ranked teams in as many days (Georgetown, Pittsburgh, Syracuse, Louisville) to win the Big East Championship. UConn then went on a six-game NCAA run over the next three weeks and Kemba was named NCAA Final Four MVP as Connecticut won the National Championship.u201drntrnTim TolokanrnUniversity of Connecticut Division of Athletics

Coffee Grinder

Originally from Puerto Rico, kept in La Paloma Sabanera, a popular coffee shop and bookstore on Capitol Avenue in Hartford from 2004 to 2013.

Cotto family, Hartford, CT

u201cIn the 1950s-60s, thousands of Puerto Ricans left the island to come work the Connecticut Valley tobacco fields. Angel Luis Cotto and Carmen Santiago joined this migration and made their way to Hartford to work the earth and start a family. In 2004, Cotto siblings (Carmen, Luis, Letty, Melanie, Cindy & Brendan) opened a coffee shop and bookstore in Hartford. La Paloma Sabanera sold fair trade, organic coffee from Puerto Rico and Central and South America. Many artifacts graced the walls and shelvesu2014a virtual celebration of Puerto Rican mountain cultureu2014including this coffee grinder used by the Cotto siblings' grandfather, Encarnaciu00f3n Santiago Gonzalez. It was with this grinder that Ca'nao, as he was called, ground the coffee beans that he grew, picked, dried and roasted in the 1940s.u201drnttrnLuis Cotto served as Hartford City Councilor from 2008 to 2012. He is currently the Executive Director of Egleston Square Main Street, a community building organization in Roxbury and Jamaica Plain, Boston.

The Stone Wall

Their origins lie in glacial movement, so they truly got their start about 30,000 years ago. They are located everywhere in Connecticut.

Submitted by Bonnie Denton, Gales Ferry, CT

The stone walls that blanket Connecticut are a fitting object to define our state. While many lie on private property, their beauty is exposed for all to enjoy. Their history has been well documented and written about by many people, including University of Connecticut geology professor Robert M. Thorson and in his book, u201cStone by Stone: The Magnificent History of New Englandu2019s Stone Walls.' Please consider the stone wall for inclusion in the exhibit.

West Indian Parade Costume

2014, Hartford, CT

Institute for Community Research, Hartford, CT

u201cWest Indians immigrated to Greater Hartford in the 1940s to work in the tobacco fields, other agriculture, and factories. Coming from many island nations, they formed societies and social clubs based on their homeland cultures. The community is also very active as a whole, with the West Indian Social Club and a cricket league, as well as an annual Independence Parade and week-long celebration in August. Imaginative costumes based on those worn in Trinidadu2019s Carnival are an essential part of Caribbean parades. Local West Indian artists have partnered with the Connecticut Cultural Heritage Arts Program to teach teens how to make and dance with these colorful costumes. They add glamour and cultural heritage pride to Hartfordu2019s Caribbean summer festivities each year.u201d

Institute for Community Research & the Connecticut International Carnival Association

Seal of the State of Connecticut

1639-present, Saybrook and entire state of Connecticut

Submitted by Tedd Levy, Old Saybrook Historical Society, Old Saybrook, CT

This seal, originally belonging to George Fenwick, governor of Saybrook Colony, is the basis for the present official seal of the State of Connecticut. The seal was presented to CT Colony when it purchased the fort and land at Saybrook Point in 1644. The seal was used by the General Assembly until 1687 when it is presumed to have been destroyed. In 1711 a more oval seal was designed and the number of grape vines reduced to three. It includes the State motto: 'He who transplanted sustains.'

Photograph of Stone Wall and Farm with Many Glacial Erratics

Photo printed in 2015; stone walls date to colonial days. Stonington, CT

Submitted by Jack McConnell, McConnell & McNamara, Wethersfield, CT

Stonington is the turning point of the glacieru2019s run from Canada. Nearby is Glacier Park, which is full of glacial erratics.rn

Cheese Press

Patented by Lewis Norton, 1810, Goshen, CT

Goshen Agriculture Council, Goshen, CT

'Lewis Norton patented his Pineapple Cheese process in 1810. Soon after, he was buying curds from neighboring farmers to meet demand. In 1844 he built the first cheese factory in the nation, if not the world. With this step, from farmhouse to factory, a uniform product was now available. Though his son Robert moved the factory to New York state in the 1850s, the significance of the cheese factory rests in the fact that manufacturing had now begun to move from the small farm and home smithy to a centralized location where quality control and uniformed product could be maintained.'

Lynn Marie SteinmayerrnGoshen Agriculture Council

Wooden Nutmeg, carved from a piece of the Charter Oak


Connecticut Historical Society

u201cConnecticut is known as the u2018Nutmeg Stateu2019, although nutmeg trees grow in Indonesia and the Caribbean. The story of the Nutmeg State nickname begins with sailors who brought nutmeg from their travels in the 18th and 19th centuries to Connecticut. But the real legend of nutmeg is about Yankee peddlers who sold fake nutmegu2014wood carved in the shape of the hard brown nutu2014and deceived their customers. What do we think about our state being associated with tricksters and con artists? I enjoyed thinking about how Connecticut was viewed then and now for my fourth grade social studies project for Smith STEM School.u201d

Emily rnAge 11, resident of West Hartford, CT

Frank Pepe Pizzeria Box

2015, New Haven, CT

u201cWhen asked by non-Nutmeggers what and where theyu2019d get the best u2018Connecticut food experience,u2019 I never hesitate: New Haven-style apizza. While there are several great representations of the style around the state, I force them to the Wooster Street area in the Elm City. The oft-argued Gold-Silver-Bronze trifecta of Pepe's, Modern, and Sally's (pick your own order) is where the food matches the hype. For me, itu2019s all about the thin, blackened crusts that can only come from those decades-old fire-breathing temples of New Haven. All the toppings are freshu2014no compromiseu2014 even the clams. Especially the clams.u201d

Stephen WoodrnCtmuseumquest.comrn@CTMQ on TwitterrnOver the course of nine years, Connecticut Museum Quest has become one of the most voluminous and interesting sources of things to do (and eat) in the state. Written with a sharp sense of observational humor by Stephen Wood of West Hartford, CTMQ stands out among blogs, travel books, and tourism brochures for its honesty, touching personal stories, thoroughness, as well as laugh out loud moments.

Pieces of The Charter Oak from the estate of John E Morris

1840s, Hartford, CT

Submitted by Jill H Colburn, Yucca Valley, CA

The Charter Oak Tree helps define Connecticut because as legend has it, the tree was the site where the original state charter of 1662 was hidden to prevent it's being confiscated by the English appointed General-governor Sir Edmond Andros (appointed by King James II) in 1687. The Charter Oak is represented on the CT state quarter, and the wood from when the tree fell in 1856 were made into chairs such as for the governor of CT. The Chair, and for some of the chairs in the state legislature.

Keating Wheel Co.

late 1800's to 1906, Midletown, CT

Submitted by Gary Keating, Midletown, CT

Robert M. Keating built his bicycle plant in Middletown in the late 1800's. It was one of the first factories run totally by electricity. Here he produced first class bicycles, and moved on to electric wagons, motorcars and trucks, and motorcycles. He produced one of the first commercially available motorcycles in the USA. His patent is one year before "Indian" motorcycles.

Letter of the Reverend Elipalet Williams

February 8, 1775, East Hartford, CT

Submitted by Jason Pannone, East Hartford Public Library, East Hartford, CT

This letter, dated February 8, 1775, is from the Reverend Eliphalet Williams, writing to his brother, William Williams (signer of the Declaration of Independence) to explain and defend incendiary remarks against the British he made in a sermon from the previous year. The letter reveals something of the heated passions surrounding the debate over American independence from Great Britain in the years leading up to the American Revolution.

Reprieve of Mercy Disborough/Disbrow

1692, Disborough from Fairfield, Trial in Hartford

Submitted by Richard Tomlinson, Glstonbury, CT

Last woman convicted and sentenced to death for witchcraft in 1692. Three judges of Hartford granted a reprieve which became a pardon. It was based on a technical error which, they said, violated "due form of law." This is a very sophisticated concept of law that bedevils even modern people.

Gustave Whitehead: First in Flight, A New Book

1901, Fairfield, CT

Submitted by Susan Brinchman, Apex Educational Media, La Mesa, CA

Connecticut is the birthplace of powered flight, and was a center of innovation at the start of the 20th century. This book, Gustave Whitehead: First in Flight, presents the evidence for Gustave Whitehead to hold this title, ahead of the Wrights.

A Sermon by Reverand Hezekiah Woodruff

1801, Stonington, CT

Submitted by Judy Mendelsohn, Margate City, NJ

Rev Hezekiah Woodruff was a pastor of the First Church of Stonington, Ct. This particular sermon (I have the original, stitched together with thread) was delivered in 1801. Rev Woodruff was my 6X great grandfather. This sermon defines Connecticut as the First Church of Stonington, founded in 1674, was defined by settlers with strong religious beliefs. The First Church (still active) stands on the Pequot Trail; the church as a meeting place defines the lives of our forefathers.

"Spring Landscape, Branchville", 1882, Watercolor on Paper, J. Alden Weir, Collection of Weir Farm National Historic Site

1882, Wilton & Ridgefield, CT

Submitted by Dolores Tirri, Weir Farm National Historic Site, Wilton & Ridgefield, CT

This small watercolor by Julian Alden Weir (1852-1919), is thought to have been his first depiction of the Connecticut farm he acquired that same year. He went on to produce hundreds of paintings, drawings & etchings of the farm and to host artist friends including Childe Hassam, John Twachman, Albert Pinkham Ryder, John Singer Sargent, to enjoy painting and country life along with him. Today, Weir Farm National Historic Site is the only National Park dedicated to American painting.

Willie Pep

1940's, Hartford, CT

Submitted by Christopher Ferrante, Vernon, CT

Willie Pep was a Featherweight Boxing Champion for I believe 8 years, and Willie was born in Hartford, CT.


Submitted by Eli, West Hartford, CT

Sportsy is special to me because he's so snuggly. One of my Oma's friends gave him to me when I was born. I also like him because he is a quilt with lots of sports that I'm good at and I like to watch. I also like him because he was my first blanket and on the outside it's bumpy and I like feeling it because it kind of gives my hand a massage.

Conny the Whale

Submitted by Emma, West Hartford, CT

I never want Conny to get lost because he is my favorite guy. He is so special. When I can't find him at bedtime, I cry because I can't go to sleep without him. I named him Conny because he reminds me of the big whale statue in front of the Children's Museum.

My Game Shelf

Submitted by Jonah, West Hartford, CT

My game shelf is really special to me because it has a ton of games I really like and ones that everyone in my family likes to play together. Also the games really represent me. Sometimes I feel helpless in games of luck, just like I feel in some sports like running and wrestling. But I really like games of strategy just like I really like activities that use the mind more than the body.

Dr. Lucas's Lab Coat

Submitted by Lucas, West Hartford, CT

I switched to Florence Smith STEM elementary school when I was a second grader because I love science. Smith has a science lab and I get to have science as a special every week. We do experiments and work to answer questions in our inquiry projects. We also have really great science events like Lego night. At the talent show at school I showed the stop-motion movie I made titled "Lego My Spaceship." Every week, I wear my lab coat to science class—it has my name embroidered on it, "Dr. Lucas." It helps me feel like a scientist. I am glad I go to a school that lets me learn about science.

Promotional Poster for School Play, The Princess and the Pea

Submitted by Emily, West Hartford, CT

This is the poster I made to publicize our school play, The Princess and the Pea. It was the second year I was in the play, and while I wasn't cast as a princess, I had a part as a musician. The only part I didn't like was that both years part of my costume was to have a beard or mustache drawn on with makeup. I really love art, so I liked combining my interests in drama and art with this poster. It tells the story of my interests and helps me remember how much fun I had being in the play. I love the colors and patterns I used for the many mattresses under the sleeping princess.

A picture

Submitted by Ella, Colchester, CT

This object is special to me because it is very old. The picture is of my Dads Uncle Mike. This picture was taken in Italy during World War 2. To the left and right of him are relatives that he found in Italy, I am not sure who they are though. My dads Uncle Mike is still alive he is 95 years old.

UConn Basketball Signed by the Whole 2011 Boys Champion Team

Submitted by Samuel, Colchester, CT

The artifact I brought in to my class was the 2011 Uconn basketball team basketball, signed by all the players. The reason it is special to me is because my Dad put a bid on it and won it in an auction. The money from the auction went to a charity called Taste of the Nation, which is an organization that fights childhood hunger; I love to help other kids. My Dad also won the 2011 Uconn girl's basketball team as well, my sister now has this ball. My Dad knew this ball would be important to me because my family and I support and love the Uconn Huskies. It is also special to me because my favorite player ever is Shabazz Napier. His autograph is awesome to have, and I can look at his signature any time. This is definitely one of my favorite belongings, and I will always take care of it.

Vermont Teddy Bear

Submitted by Brynn, West Hartford, CT

I've had this bear since I was born and it's the only stuffed animal that I still have in my room. I have a photo of the bear next to me when I was a baby.

Bike Bag of Tickets from Neighbor

Submitted by Megan, West Hartford, CT

Every day I ride my bike to my neighbor's house. He has a roll of tickets and when we ride down he gives us a ticket. Right now I have 600 and I have been collecting tickets for only 5 months!

Toy Football

Submitted by Brendan, West Hartford, CT

This is the first thing I bought with my own money when I was 4 it was 2 dollars at the school fair. I play with it all the time. I like to bring it places with me and pack it in my bag. I remember bringing on trips to Providence, NYC and Toronto. My family likes to play with it in our hotel room. I don't even like the Patriots. I'm a Giants fan.

Project Partners:

Connecticut Explored Magazine, Connecticut River Museum, Fairfield Museum and History Center, Institute for American Indian Studies, Litchfield Historical Society, Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center, Mattatuck Museum, Windham Textile Museum, Leslie Lindenauer–Assistant Professor–Western Connecticut State University, Stacey Close–Associate Vice President for Equity and Diversity–Eastern Connecticut State University, Walt Woodward–CT State Historian; Associate Professor of History–University of Connecticut

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